Author Guidelines

1. Manuscripts Submission is acceptable only via Journal URL: Manuscript must be accompanied by a cover­ing let­ter to the Editor-in-Chief, including title and au­thor(s) name and undertaking that it has not been pub­lished or submitted elsewhere.

2. The manuscript should be formatted as follows: ISO A4 (212 x 297 mm), with margins of at least 2.5 cm; by using double-spacing and 12-point type.

3. The text should be submitted in Microsoft Word format only. Tables as well as illustrations should be typed and drawn on separate pages. Do not submit tables as photographs. The figures should be sent in a format of JPEG or GIF which will produce high quality images in the online edition of the journal.

4. The manuscript should include: Title page, Ab­stract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Ac­knowl­edge­ments, Conflict of interest, Funding Sources and Ref­erences.

5. Title page: It should contain the complete title of the manuscript, a running title, the name of all the authors (first name, middle initial, last name) including their departmental and institutional addresses. The complete mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and email address of the corresponding author should be provided.

6. Abstract: All original articles must accompany a structured abstract up to 250 words. It should be structured as Background, Methods, Results and Conclusion followed by 3 to 6 Keywords. Keywords will assist indexers in cross indexing the article as they are published with abstract. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of index medicus ( Authors need to be careful that the abstract reflects the content of the article accurately.

7. Introduction: This should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study.

8. Methods: This should include exact method or observation or experiment. If an apparatus is used, its manufacturer's name and address should be given in parenthesis. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given. For patients, age, sex with mean age ± standard deviation must be given. A paragraph on details of statistical analysis should be provided.

9. Results: It must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.

10. Discussion: This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other workers. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis mentioned in the article is true, false or no conclusions can be derived. The last two paragraphs should state the study limitations/strengths and the main conclusions.

11. Acknowledgements: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in the acknowledgement section. It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance and departmental head that only provided general support. Financial and material support should be acknowledged in the statement of funding sources.

12. Tables: Each table should be provided on a separate page after the references, and should have a brief and self-explanatory title.

13. Figures: Should be in limited numbers, with high quality art work and mounted on separate pages. The cap­tions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in tables, fig­ures and text, simultane­ously. The photos should have high resolution (600 dpi or more) in JPEG, TIFF, GIF, PDF or PSD format. Color photos should be in CMYK mode.

14. References: The references should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text and typed as superscript at the end of the sentence. The Vancouver style is considered for the references; examples are as follows:

Journal Article: Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res 2002;935:40-6.

Chapter in a book: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-111.

Book: Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

For other kinds of citation sources, the following information shall be considered: National Library of

Medicine’s Citing Medicine (

15. Abbreviations and symbols: Use only standard abbre­viations. The full term for which an abbre­viation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a stan­dard unit of measurement.

16. Ethical concerns: Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods. Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project. Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals complies with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency.

17. Conflicts of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it.

18. Publication charges: There are no charges for publica­tion in this Journal.

19. Copyright: The journal is open-access and considers international copyright rules.

20. Peer review process: All manuscripts are considered to be confidential. They are peer-reviewed by at least 3 anonymous reviewers selected by the Editorial Board. Reviews’ comments will be discussed by the Editorial Board, and then they will be sent to the corresponding author to consider the necessary actions and responses. The revised manuscript will then evaluated by the Editorial Board, and the final decision will be sent to the corresponding author.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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