Can Selection of Mechanical Ventilation Mode Prevent Increased Intra‑Abdominal Pressure in Patients Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit?

Mohammad Reza Rafiei, Omid Aghadavoudi, Babak Shekarchi, Seyed Sajed Sajjadi, Mehrdad Masudifar


Background: Increased intra‑abdominal pressure (IAP) results in dysfunction of vital organs. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of mechanical ventilation mode on IAP.

Methods: In a cohort study, a total of 60 patients aged 20‑70 years who were admitted to the ICU and underwent mechanical ventilation were recruited. Mechanical ventilation included one of the three modes: Biphasic positive airway pressure (BIPAP) group, synchronize intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) group, or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) group. For each patient, mechanical ventilation mode and its parameters, blood pressure, SpO2, and status of tube feeding and IAP were recorded.

Results: Our findings indicate that the study groups were not significantly different in terms of anthropometric characteristics including age (64.5 ± 4, P = 0.1), gender (male/female 31/29, P = 0.63), and body mass index (24 ± 1.2, P = 0.11). Increase IAP was related to the type of respiratory mode with the more increased IAP observed in SIMV mode, followed by BIPAP and CPAP modes (P = 0.01). There were significant correlations between increased IAP and respiratory variables including respiratory rate, pressure support ventilation, and inspiratory pressure (P < 0.05). Tube feeding tolerance through NG‑tube was lower in SIMV group, followed by BIPAP and CPAP groups (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: There is a significant relationship between respiratory modes and IAP; therefore, it is better to utilize those types of mechanical ventilation like CPAP and BIPAP mode in patients who are prone to Intra‑abdominal hypertension.

Keywords: Abdominal compartment syndrome, intra‑abdominal pressure, mechanical ventilation mode

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