Protective Role of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin in Kidney and Lung Injury Following Renal Bilateral Ischemia-Reperfusion in Rat Model

Maryam Moeini, Mehdi Nematbakhsh, Mohammad Fazilati, Ardeshir Talebi, Ali Asghar Pilehvarian, Fariba Azarkish, Fatemeh Eshraghi-Jazi, Zahra Pezeshki


Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been recognized as one of the most complex clinical complications in modern medicine, and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is well-known as a main reason of AKI. In addition, AKI leads to important systemic consequences such as acute lung injury. This study was designed to investigate the role of erythropoietin (EPO) on kidney function makers and tissue damage; and lung endothelial permeability and lung water content (LWC) in bilateral renal I/R injury model in rats.

Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of sham, I/R, and I/R treated with EPO (I/R + EPO) groups. The I/R and I/R + EPO groups were subjected to bilateral renal I/R injury; however, only the I/R + EPO group received EPO (500 IU/kg, i.p.) 2 h before ischemia surgery, and the same dose was continued once a day for 3 days after ischemia. The sham group underwent a surgical procedure without ischemia process.

Results: The blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Cr) levels, kidney tissue damage score (KTDS), and kidney weight (KW) per 100 g body weight signifi cantly increased in I/R group (P < 0.05). EPO administration decreased levels of BUN and Cr signifi cantly (P < 0.05), and KTDS and KW insignifi cantly (P = 0.1). No signifi cant differences in kidney and serum levels of malondialdehyde, and lung vascular permeability and LWC were observed between the groups. The serum and kidney levels of nitrite were not signifi cantly different between I/R and sham groups; however, administration of EPO increased the renal level of nitrite (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: EPO protected the kidney against I/R injury; however, it may not protect the lung tissue from the damage induced by renal I/R injury in rats.

Keywords: Erythropoietin, ischemia/reperfusion injury, lung endothelial permeability, lung water content, rat

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