Study of Type A and B Behavior Patterns in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis in an Iranian Population

Vahid Shaygannejad, Sedigheh Rezaei Dehnavi, Fereshteh Ashtari, Somayeh Karimi, Leila Dehghani, Rokhsareh Meamar, Zahra Tolou-Ghamari

Abstract


Background: In adults, throughout life, uniqueness maintains the equivalent; but, it might be tailored in the track of neurological disarrays. As in the partition of cognitive function associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), numerous studies have been performed, but there are very few reports in this area of behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of personality types A and B in relation to individuals’ behaviors with MS and type A behavior with demographic characteristics and the level of disability.

Methods: A cross‑sectional descriptive study was performed between September 2010 and March 2011 on 50 patients who were referred to MS clinic (located at the Kashani hospital), Isfahan Neurosciences Research Centre (INRC). The subjects were evaluated using Friedman and Rosenman questioner and the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). The data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 17) based on Chi‑square test and independent T‑test.

Results: Of the subjects, 65% were of personality type A and 35% were of personality type B (X2: 3.5, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in individuals with type A behavior in relation to gender and marital status. In connection to EDSS (EDSS < 4.5 or EDSS > 4.5), patients with higher EDSS score, i.e., individuals with EDSS > 4.5 mostly had type A behavior pattern.

Conclusions: People with type A behavior pattern are reported to have more stress, nervousness, and anxiety. In this study, MS patients had more characteristics of type A than type B behavior. This behavior was increased in individuals with EDSS score >4.5.

Keywords: Behavior, behavior patterns, Iranian, multiple sclerosis, type A

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