Development of Country-Wide Strategies to Reduce the Alcohol Abuse

Ali Nikfarjam, Nadereh Memaryan, Behzad Damari, Nasim Zamani, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam


Background: Evidence shows that in Iran alcohol abuse rate may be of concern, especially among the youth. The mental and social health and addiction Department of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education has designed a plan to prevent, treat, and rehabilitate the patients abusing alcohol in a time period of 2011‑2015.

Methods: In a 6‑month period, three guiding committees of
experts in the field of alcohol abuse reviewed the literature. The meetings of the steering committee were held in order to collect the comments of the policy‑makers in recognition of the problem, orientation, and administration procedures for the suggested strategies. The first input was discussed in the committee meeting. In the orientation phase, intervention strategies were suggested whose base was the evaluation of the previous international guidelines. In the final phase, the suggested strategies and challenges and their possible solutions were criticized. Finally, using these strategies, appropriate interventions were defined.

Results: Preventing alcohol supply, school‑ and community‑based prevention efforts, monitoring and vigilance were defined as primary prevention. While secondary and tertiary prevention are defined to be the treating and rehabilitating services for the alcohol abusers.

Conclusions: We hope by using this strategy we will be able
to control alcohol abuse in our country. The first step to reach
this aim is done by breaking the taboo of giving alcohol‑related information and news using media and educational programs especially to the young population.

Keywords: Addictive, alcoholism, behavior, prevention and
control, primary prevention

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