Aggression and Violence among Iranian Adolescents and Youth: A  10‑year Systematic Review

Saeid Sadeghi, Ziba Farajzadegan, Roya Kelishadi, Kamal Heidari


Background: Although the overwhelming majority of Iranian adolescents are well‑adjusted, a substantial group exhibits high levels of maladjustment and deficient functioning. Escalation of criminal violence among the youth population has become a major public policy issue and a serious public health problem. In reviewing a 10‑year literature, this article aimed to describe and propose primary assumptions regarding the correlates of aggressive and violent behaviors in Iranian adolescents and youth.
Methods: Bibliographic databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar along with Iranian databases including PubMed, IranMedex, Magiran, Irandoc, Psychoinfo, and Emrofor Scientific Information Database, and  Magiran constituted the databases which we searched for the relevant literature. Overall  98 articles met the inclusion criteria, allowing us to initiate the discussion.
Results: Reportedly, prevalence of violence and aggression among the Iranian adolescents and youth ranged from 30% to 65.5% while males being 2½ times more affected than females. The role of gender, family environment, family size, socioeconomic status, and victimization in perpetuating the circumstances was apparent.
Conclusions: Relatively high prevalence of violence and aggression among Iranian youth and adolescents is a warning sign and a great challenge to the social system. Reviewed studies suffer from certain methodological and conceptual limitations. Undertaking community‑based studies to estimate the actual extent of the problem is warranted.
Keywords: Adolescents, aggression, Iranian youth, school mental health, violence

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