Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction Toward Urban Family Physician Program: A Population Based Study in Shiraz, Southern Iran

Behnam Honarvar, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Sulmaz Ghahramani, Maryam Akbari, Reza Tabrizi, Zahra Bagheri, Sima Poostforoushfard


Background: A national project of extending a family physician program to urban areas has been started since May 2013 in Iran. The present study aimed to detect correlates of people’s
satisfaction and dissatisfaction about urban family physician program.

Methods: This cross‑sectional and population‑based study was conducted in Shiraz, Southern Iran. Multistage and proportional to size random sampling were used. Different items about satisfaction and dissatisfaction toward urban family physician program were queried. Single variable and then multiple variable analyses of data were done using SPSS software (Chicago, IL. USA).

Results: Mean age of 1257 participants in the study was 38.1 ± 13.2 years. Respondents included men (634; 50.4%), married (882; 70.2%), those who were educated at universities (529; 42%) and self‑employed groups (405; 32.2%). One thousand fifty‑eight (84.1%) were covered by the family physician program. Mean of referral times to a family physician was 2.2 ± 2.9 during the year before the study. Satisfaction toward urban family physician program was high in 198 (15.8%), moderate in 394 (31.3%), and low in 391 (31.1%). Dissatisfaction about this program was more among younger than 51‑year‑old groups (for 31–50 years odds ratio [OR] =2.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.4–3.7, P < 0.001 and for 18–30 years OR = 2, 95% CI = 1.2–3.4, P = 0.005), less knowledgeable ones (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.3–3.6, P = 0.001), singles (OR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.2–3.4,
P = 0.003), and those with more than 4 of family members (OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 1–1.7, P = 0.05).

Conclusions: Overall, the majority of the people are not very satisfied with the urban family physician program. This shows the need for a multi‑disciplinary approach including training,
improvement of infrastructures and referral system, continuous supervision, and frequent monitoring of user’s and provider’s feedback about this program. According the results, the family
physician program should be improved prior to extending this program to other provinces in Iran.

Keywords: Family, knowledge, people, physician, satisfaction, translation, urban

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