Relationship between Antioxidant Status and Attention Defcit Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children

Nasim Sorraya, Amirmansour Alavi Naeini, Mostafa Najaf, Mohammadreza Ghazvini, Akbar Hassanzadeh

Abstract


Background: Attention defcit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders in childhood. In general, diagnoses of ADHD include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Recent studies have reported increased oxidative stress in psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, but the results are conflicting. This research aimed to study the relationship between antioxidant status and ADHD in children of 6–13 years old.

Methods: From schools, 32 ADHD students whose diseases were diagnosed by child and adolescence psychiatrist based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV index were recruited; moreover, 32 healthy subjects, which according to the medical history questionnaire of psychiatric disorder had not had chronic disease, were selected. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and malondiadehyde (MDA) were measured. General information, health history, and medication
history were collected. All participants completed a 168-item food frequency questionnaire. Dietary intakes of antioxidants were obtained through this questionnaire.

Results: There was no signifcant difference between mean of energy intake and Zn, Se, vitamin E, C, and β-carotene as antioxidants between the two groups. The mean of serum TAC, GSH level, and CAT level in the patients were signifcantly lower than the healthy group (P < 0.001), but the mean of MDA was not signifcantly different between the two groups (P = 0.18).

Conclusions: The result of this study indicates that, in ADHD, the serum levels of GSH, CAT, and TAC decrease; the level of antioxidant in the serum has been compromised to fght oxidative stress. More perspective studies with large sample sizes are essential to confrm these fndings.

Keywords: Antioxidant, attention defcit hyperactivity disorder, children, oxidative stress


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