Relationship between Self Care Management with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Mozhgan Modarresi, Somaye Gholami, Parnian Habibi, Akram Ghadiri- Anari

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self‑care
management and HbA1c level of the patients with type 2 diabetes in YAZD.

Methods: This study was a cross‑sectional study. The number of 376 diabetic patients referred to the Diabetes Research
Center in Yazd entered the study. The data collection tool was a summary of Diabetes Self Care
Activity questionnaire (SDSCA), which was collected through interviews with patients. Data
analysis was performed using SPSS software V 16 and kruskalwallis and independent sample t tests.

Results: The results showed that of 376 patients, 218 (%58) were women and 158 (%42) were male.
The mean age of the participants in the study was 54.5 ± 10.9 years old and the mean duration
of the disease was 9.53 ± 8.39 years. The mean HbA1C in the patients was 7.93% ± 1.38%. The
mean of BMI was 28.93 ± 6 kg/ m2. The mean of self‑care score in the patients under study was
30.53 ± 11.4. There was a significant relationship between the mean of self‑care score, BMI, age and
HbA1C (P value <0.05).

Conclusions: According to the results of the study, it can be concluded
that the level of self‑care in patients with controlled diabetes mellitus (HbA1C <7%) is more than
patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (HbA1c ≥9%).


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus; diabetes self‑care activity questionnaire; HbA1C

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