The Effects of Comprehensive Home‑Based Cardiac Rehabilitation versus Usual Care in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in Iran: Study Protocol for a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

Hassan Okati-Aliabad, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Hamidreza Roohafza, Mahdi Mohammadi, Leila Vakili, Mohammad Hadi Abbasi, Hossein Heidari, Gholamreza Masoudy, Safoura Yazdekhasti, Masoumeh Sadeghi


Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of mortality all around the world. Patients with Ischemic heart disease (IHD) are at an increased risk of ischemic events; therefore, secondary prevention measures should continue for these patients. Although Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is one of the secondary prevention measures for IHD patients which has favorable clinical outcomes, only 50% of patients are referred and among them, a small percentage attends CR. Therefore, other strategies should be considered, one of which is home‑based cardiac rehabilitation.

Methods: A multicenter, parallel‑group randomized controlled trial has been conducting in three hospitals in Isfahan and patients have been assigned into a 1:1 ratio for the evaluation of the effectiveness of home‑based cardiac rehabilitation versus usual care. Psycho‑educational consultation based on the Health Action Process Approach including heart‑healthy diet, stress management, lifestyle changes, smoking cessation, and physical activity has been performed. Primary outcomes, including the quality of life, psychological and smoking status, body mass index, blood pressure, blood cholesterol level, and physical activity level have been measured at 6 months after the randomization and intervention. One year after the intervention, primary and secondary outcomes, including cardiovascular events, the frequency of hospital admissions, and the death rates due to cardiovascular reasons will be assessed.

Conclusion: HBCR program can increase patient accessibility to CR services its implantation can be reduce burden IHD.


Cardiac rehabilitation; coronary disease; exercise; home‑based

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