Translation, Cross‑Cultural Adaptation, and Validation of the Persian Version of Thailand Physical Activity Children Survey Questionnaire

Afifeh Khosravi, Roya Kelishadi, Maryam Selk‑Ghaffari, Bahar Hassanmirzaei, Ramin Kordi


Background: According to the importance of physical activity in the child’s physical and mental development and cognitive health, developing a valid, reliable, and comprehensive assessment tool for children’s physical activity is mandated. The purpose of this study is the translation, cross‑cultural adaptation, and validation of the Persian version of the Thailand Physical Activity Children Survey questionnaire to measure the level of physical activity in children aged between 6–9 years in Iran. Methods: This study consisted of three stages, first, the questionnaire translation into Persian language and modification of the sections according to the Iranian culture, then the evaluation of the questionnaire via a pilot study, and finally, assessing the reliability and validity of the tool. Participants of the pilot study were 250 healthy children, aged 6 to 9 years, meeting eligibility criteria, recruited through a stratified cluster sampling method from schools across Tehran. Results: The Persian version of the questionnaire demonstrated an acceptable content validity (Content Validity Index between 0.88‑1). The test‑retest reliability reported the Intra‑Class Correlation coefficient in the acceptable range in all sections (between 0.71‑1). Cronbach’s alpha was reported 0.993, which indicated excellent internal consistency. Conclusions: According to the acceptable validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Thailand Physical Activity Children Survey for children aged 6–9 years, it is recommended in research and surveillance studies to determine the level of physical activity of children of that age group in Iran.


Child, exercise; Iran; reproducibility of results; sedentary behavior; sports; sports equipment; surveys and questionnaires

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