Presentation, Management and Early Mortality of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in a Large Sample Study of a Middle East Country

Saeide Bahrani, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Zahra Teimouri‑jervekani, Fatemeh Nouri, Nizal Sarrafzadegan


Background: Due to lack of contemporary data on the presentation, management, and mortality of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admissions in Iran, in this prospective registry study, we aimed to evaluate the presentation, management, and mortality as the outcome of patients with ACS in Isfahan, Iran, 2001–2016 to address treatment and healthcare depletions. Methods: Data of 62,276 patients admitted with the diagnosis of ACS from 2001 to 2016 prospectively were obtained by Surveillance Unit of Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan, Iran, in 13 hospitals of Isfahan province. We evaluated data on presentation, management, and in‑hospital and 28‑day mortality. Results: Nearly half of the patients ranged in age from 51 to 70 years (32050, 51.5%), which did not differ among ACS types (ST‑segment myocardial infarction (STEMI): 53.9%; non‑STEMI: 53.4%; unstable angina: 51.9%). In‑hospital, anti‑platelets use was high (84.9%). Thrombolytic were used in 48.1% of STEMI, 3.8% of non‑STEMI, and 1.1% of unstable angina. Discharge medication rates were suboptimal. In‑hospital and 28‑day mortality were highest for STEMI (6.5 and 12.6%, respectively). Conclusions: These data represent the large ACS registry in Iran. Data revealed the various presentations of ACS and demonstrated opportunities for improving ACS management by focusing on increasing use of recommended drugs especially after discharge due to suboptimal medical treatment in these patients. The high mortality rate needs to be taken into consideration in ACS patients.


Acute coronary syndrome; management; outcome; registry

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