Treatment and Prophylaxis in Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection

Azar Nickavar, Kambiz Sotoudeh


Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in early life. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment prevent complications such as hypertension, proteinuria and end stage renal disease. A computerized search of MEDLINE, Embase and other databases was done to find the latest results about the treatment and prevention in pediatric UTI. Randomized control trials, systematic reviews and original articles were assessed. Search terms were “UTI, treatment, prophylaxis, prevention and children”.All children with complicated or simple UTI were included in our search study from neonatal period to late childhood and medical aspects of treatment were reviewed. Recently, treatment approaches have been changed by simplification of drug administration.
Oral treatment is usually recommended especially in older infants and children instead of strict intravenous treatment
and patient admission. In addition, prophylactic treatment becomes easier and limited to certain cases. In this article, we review the recent information and approaches in this setting.
Keywords: Urinary tract infection, Treatment, Prophylaxis, Prevention, Children.

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