Occupational Stress among Male Employees of Esfahan Steel Company, Iran: Prevalence and Associated Factors

Masoud Lotfizadeh, Babak Moazen, Ehsan Habibi, Noor Hassim


Objectives: Lack of data on occupational stress among Iranian industrial employees persuaded us to design and conduct this study to evaluate the prevalence and associated parameters of occupational stress among the male employees of Esfahan Steel Company, one of the biggest industrial units in Iran.

Methods: In this cross‑sectional study, 400 male employees were sampled from the operational divisions of the company. Socio‑demographic data and stress‑related variables were entered into a logistic regression to determine the significant associated factors of occupational stress among the participants.

Results: Of all the samples, 53% were found as stressful. A monthly salary of less than $600 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.88, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.21-2.94], family‑related problems (OR = 2.75, 95% CI = 1.22-6.21), work environment (OR = 3.09, 95% CI = 1.78-5.33), and having a second job (OR = 2.68, 95% CI = 1.78-6.78) were significantly associated with the outcome.

Conclusions: Attention to some variables, especially economic problems and the work environment of employees, might play a protective role against the prevalence of occupational stress, not only among the employees of ESCO, but also among all industrial employees in Iran.

Keywords: Iran, male employees, occupational stress

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