Stigma; A Major Challenge Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic

Razieh Mokhtari, Mohamad Golitaleb


Dear Editor,

Upon the spread and turning into an epidemic of an infectious disease such as the Covid-19, people become very frightened and worried. Among factors affecting the anxiety related to such outbreaks are patients’ fears of social reactions and the stigma of being a carrier. Stigma indicates a negative behavior or attitude towards a specific person or condition.


COVID-19; Pandemic; Stigma

Full Text:



Karamouzian M. Effective public health communication in the

COVID-19 era. Int J Prev Medi 2020;11:120.

Li W, Yang Y, Ng CH, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Cheung T, et al.

Global imperative to combat stigma associated with the

coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Psychol Med 2020:1-2. doi:


Iglesias-Osores S, Saavedra-Camacho JL. Can behavioral science

help us fight COVID‑19. Int J Prev Med 2020;11:11-108.

Sotgiu G, Dobler CC. Social stigma in the time of Coronavirus.

Eur Respir J 2020;56:2002461. doi: 10.1183/13993003.02461-

Fischer LS, Mansergh G, Lynch J, Santibanez S. Addressing

disease-related stigma during infectious disease outbreaks.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019;13:989-94.

Kumar A, Nayar KR. COVID 19 and its mental

health consequences. J Mental Health 2020:1-2. doi:


Ramaci T, Barattucci M, Ledda C, Rapisarda V. Social

Stigma during COVID-19 and its impact on HCWs outcomes.

Sustainability 2020;12:3834.