Emotional Intelligence, Depression, and Risk Factors in Pregnant Peruvian Andean Adolescents: A Multivariate Logistic Regression Study

Gina Camayo, Gina León, Juan Alvítez, Roman Mendoza, Abigail Temoche, Arnaldo Munive‑Degregori, Frank Mayta‑Tovalino


Background: There has recently been a high increase in the prevalence of adolescent pregnancies, especially in developing countries, because they are considered vulnerable populations. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for low emotional intelligence and for depression in pregnant Peruvian Andean adolescents seen in a public health centre.

Methods: The study was a correlational analysis of 280 pregnant Peruvian Andean adolescents using logistic regression analysis. Emotional intelligence and depression were considered dependent variables, while independent variables were age, marital status, and education. The instruments used were Beck’s Depression Inventory and the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth version. The threshold of significance was P < 0.05.

Results: Age, marital status, and level of education were not risk factors for lower emotional intelligence, because they had respective ORs of 0.8 (95% CI: 0.5‑1.4), 1.6 (95% CI: 0.8‑3.4), and 0.7 (95% CI: 0.0‑1.1). Nor were they risk factors for depression, showing ORs of 0.8 (95% CI: 0.4‑1.5), 0.6 (95% CI: 0.2‑1.3), and 0.6 (95% CI: 0.3‑1.1), respectively.

Conclusions: Thus, the risk factors studied do not significantly influence emotional intelligence or depression in pregnant Peruvian Andean adolescents.


Adolescent; emotional intelligence; pregnancy

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