The Effect of Family‑Centered Intervention on Key Indicators of Diabetes Management and Control in Patients with Type‑2 Diabetes

Zeinab Mokhtari, Somayeh Mokhtari, Ardashir Afrasiabifar, Nazafarin Hosseini


Background: This study is to determine the effect of the family‑centered intervention (FCIS) on the key indicators of diabetes management and Control control in patients with type‑2 diabetes. Method: The present study is a quiz‑ experimental study with a randomized control group. Participants were 64 patients with type‑2 diabetes visiting Ali Asghar Hospital of Isfahan in 2018. The eligible patients were assigned to either the intervention group or the control group (i.e., patient‑center care) through block randomization. FCIS were implemented in 4 two‑hour sessions as home visits while the patients and their caregivers were present. Data were collected twice‑i.e. before the intervention and 12 weeks after it‑ and were analyzed, by running a t‑test (α = 0.05), using SPSS‑21. Results: The mean ± SD age of participants was 50.4 ± 8.5. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the mean weight, serum levels of FBS and A1C, physical activity, energy intake, and BMI before intervention. But, a significant improvement in the mean values of these variables in the intervention group after the intervention, compared with the control group was indicated (P < 0.05). Conclusions: This study suggests that FCIS are more effective than patient‑center care in the management and control of type‑2 diabetes. Therefore, it is recommended that the family be considered in educational interventions.


Diabetes mellitus; diet; exercise; family‑centered nursing; family Nursing; home calls; type 2

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