Effects of Apple Consumption on Lipid Profile among Hyperlipidemic and Over weight Men

Mohammad Reza Vafa, Elham Haghighatjo, Farzad Shidfar, Shirin Afshari, Mahmood Reza Gohari, Amir Ziaee

Abstract


Background: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of apple consumption on lipid profile among hyperlipidemic and over weight men.

Methods: We performed an experimental study on 46 hyperlipidemic men. Total Cholesterol (TC) 200-240 mg/dl, Triglyceride (TG) 150-350mg/dl and mean age of 41.4 ±3.9year) who were randomly divided into two (apple and control) groups. Apple group (23 subjects) received 300g of whole apple per day (Golden delicious) for 8 weeks. Control group (23 subjects) had the regular dietary pattern for the same period of time. Blood samples were collected at baseline and after intervention and analyzed for serum TG, TC, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C), very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(VLDL), apolipoprotein B (Apo B), lipoprotein a (Lp a) and LDL/HDL levels. Before study, education level and family size were compared. Before and after intervention, physical activity and dietary intake were compared, between two groups. Both total polyphenol and total fiber in consumed apple were measured.

Results: Total polyphenol and total fiber were 485 mg/kg fresh apple and 4.03 g/100g fresh apple, respectively. After 8 weeks, mean different TG and VLDL concentrations were increased statistically in apple group compared to control group, but, no significant differences were observed in regard of TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, Apo (B), Lp(a) and LDL/HDL levels, between two groups.

Conclusion: Consumption of Golden delicious apple may be increased serum TG and VLDL concentrations in hyperlipidemic men. We need more studies to assay the effect of Golden delicious apple on serum TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, Apo (B), Lp(a) and LDL/HDL concentrations.

Full Text: XML PDF

ijpm_12_448